A Johns Hopkins Medicine 3D Application
While there are many sources of anatomy images used to educate students on musculoskeletal anatomy, many of them are wrong.
Muscle Anatomy: A Johns Hopkins Medicine 3D application is an anatomically and physiologically precise map of the human musculoskeletal system, rendered in full, immersive 3D that presents musculoskeletal anatomy in a life-like, interactive format accessible on iPhone and iPad.
Muscle Anatomy: A Johns Hopkins Medicine 3D App was developed by the biomedical software company Biodigital, working collaboratively with the Center for Functional Anatomy and Evolution at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine.
The app—the most comprehensive and realistic product of its kind—is ideal for learning, demonstrating and reviewing musculoskeletal anatomy, independently or in conjunction with a traditional anatomy course. It has an intuitive interface and features realistic, comprehensive, and physiologically accurate renderings of the muscular and skeletal anatomy with images and structures you can rotate, dissect virtually, and view in semi-transparent or isolation modes.
There’s also moving models that illustrate muscle actions during several typical activities (like raising the arm, walking, etc.).
And there are more than 3,000 anatomy structures grouped by:
- head and neck
- upper limbs
- lower limbs
- Spin, tilt, dissect, write on, and highlight different areas of the body
- Tap on labels to reveal educational information or use the ‘X-ray option’ to see a more transparent version that reveals three-dimensional positioning
- Animated 3D models show the movements of muscles and bones in activities like raising an arm
- Medical students
- Forensic scientists
- Physical Therapists
The Johns Hopkins Department of Art as Applied to Medicine is the pioneer in the field of medical illustration and anatomy. Johns Hopkins-trained illustrators teamed up with Christopher Ruff, Ph.D., who directs the Johns Hopkins Center for Functional Anatomy and Evolution, to create Muscle Anatomy on the BioDigital human visualization platform.
Christopher B. Ruff, Ph.D., is a professor at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. He serves as director of the Center for Functional Anatomy and Evolution and also holds an appointment in the Department of Orthopaedic Surgery.
A paleoanthropologist, Dr. Ruff studies and teaches students how variation in skeletal morphology is related to mechanical forces applied during life.
His work – which focuses largely on hominins – unites biomechanical skeletal-system modeling with comparative and evolutionary studies of primates. Knowledge gained through Dr. Ruff’s work is being applied clinically. For example, the skeletal-strength indices he developed help clinicians predict people’s risk of developing osteoporosis and suffering bone fractures.
Dr. Ruff earned his doctoral degree in biological anthropology from the University of Pennsylvania. He then completed a research fellowship in orthopaedic surgery at Harvard Medical School and Beth Israel Hospital. He also holds a bachelor’s degree (Phi Beta Kappa) in anthropology from Stanford University. He joined the Johns Hopkins faculty in 1983.
He has published more than 150 journal articles and delivered scores of invited lectures. Dr. Ruff is a Fellow (Anthropology) of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) and has served as an advisor for the AAAS, National Science Foundation, American Association of Physical Anthropologists and The Leakey Foundation.
A former editor of the Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, he also has served on the editorial boards of publications that include the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Journal of Human Evolution and Journal of the Anthropological Society of Nippon.
BioDigital Inc. is the creator of the world’s first 3D interactive human visualization platform. Likened to Google Earth for the human body, the BioDigital Human uses innovative, web-based technology to enable millions of people to view anatomy, disease and health data in an easy to comprehend visual format.
WHY CHOOSE A JOHNS HOPKINS SOLUTION?
For more than 125 years, Johns Hopkins has led the way in both biomedical discovery and patient and population care. Faculty research most often leads to innovative protocols, programs and services, establishing the standard by which others follow and build upon. Our goal: make these innovations available beyond our walls to improve the health outcomes of individuals and populations—within our community and throughout the world.
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